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带着女儿游欧洲(8):夏宫冬宫•联合国城•维也纳步行街

带着女儿游欧洲(8):夏宫冬宫•联合国城•维也纳步行街 - 2019-05-11

们前一天晚上到达维也纳,这座音乐之都、建筑之都、文化之都和装饰之都。今天的行程是参观维也纳。

美泉宫(Schonbrun)也被称为夏宫,曾是神圣罗马帝国、奥地利帝国、奥匈帝国和哈布斯堡王朝的皇宫,如今是维也纳最负盛名的旅游景点。美泉宫的规模和豪华,与法国的凡尔赛宫堪有一比。

皇宫内有哈布斯堡历代皇帝的肖像画,女皇玛丽亚·特蕾莎是奥地利国母、女大公、匈牙利和波希米亚女王,她生了16个孩子,最小的女儿玛丽·安托瓦奈特嫁给了法国国王路易十六,在法国大革命时与国王一同上了断头台。奥地利女大公玛丽·路易莎成了拿破仑的第二位妻子,并因此成为法兰西帝国皇后,然后他们的儿子拿破仑二世被封为罗马王。茜茜公主是大家所熟悉的,她被称为世界上最美丽的皇后。她的儿子鲁道夫因精神崩溃,与女友一同殉情自杀,鲁道夫去世后,其堂弟弗朗茨·斐迪南大公成为皇储。1914年斐迪南夫妇在萨拉热窝被刺杀身亡,成为第一次世界大战的导火线。

说回去以后要考考,测试一下他的奥地利知识。

美泉宫共有1441间房间,其中45间对外开放供参观,整个宫殿是巴洛克风格的建筑,除了44个房间是洛可可式样。室内是不允许拍照的,下面是两张美泉宫的外景照片。



美泉宫背面是法国式的皇家花园,硕大的花坛两边种植着修剪整齐的绿树墙,绿树墙内是44座希腊神话故事中的人物,美泉宫的至高点是凯旋门(Gloriette)。





霍夫堡宮(Hofburg)也被称为冬宫,是现在奥地利总统官邸所在地。霍夫堡宮有18栋楼房、54个出口、19座庭院和2900间房间,素有城中之城的美名。













红毯背后是茜茜公主展览馆。

看见黄房子上面的小阁楼吗?海顿曾经住在那里。

维也纳艺术史博物馆

维也纳市政厅

奥地利国会大厦

维也纳现代艺术博物馆

维也纳歌剧院

斯德望大教堂

摩天轮

小约翰·施特劳斯是老约翰·施特劳斯长子,奥地利著名的作曲家、指挥家、小提琴家、施特劳斯家族的杰出代表。出生于维也纳的一个音乐世家,小约翰·施特劳斯与父亲同名,被世人誉为圆舞曲之王。这是维也纳市立公园内小约翰·斯特劳斯像。

联合国在纽约、日内瓦和维也纳有三个联合国城,维也纳的联合国城位于景色秀丽的多瑙河畔。这座银灰色的建筑群占地18 万平方米,1973年动工修建,历时6年,于1979823日交付使用。我们只是开车经过。

维也纳的步行街就像上海南京路一样,人多,热闹。我们在自由活动时间走了一个矩阵,三个顶点是维也纳歌剧院、斯德望大教堂和霍夫堡宮。从维也纳歌剧院走直线到斯德望大教堂比较容易,走横线到霍夫堡宮就不容易了,因为维也纳的街道不是井字形的,横着看过去只能看到一条大街。手上没有地图,仅仅依靠记忆中导游的描述,我们走着走着就糊涂了,最后问了饭馆的招待,才按时找回集合的地点。

当天晚上,我们住在奥地利第二大城市:格拉茨。格拉茨是施瓦辛格的出生地,在他当加州州长期间,这座体育馆曾以施瓦辛格命名。

女儿日记

17 day trip – day 9

Schonbrun Palace: three out of five

The highlight of today was a tour with a local guide. I visited Schonbrun Palace, the old home of Austria's rulers. No one lives there now, even though there are descendants. They still have to pay full price to visit the palace. Did you know that Austria once had a huge empire? Most of the Austrian empresses had a lot of children. One even gave birth to 29 of them! The palace is very big and fancy. There is a lot of gold plated stuff, and hundreds of pieces of art. One Austrian empress, Maria Teresa, fought a long war with other countries. Eventually, they sent some delegates to negotiate for peace. When the delegates came, they expected that Austria would be very battle weary. Instead, they found a queen who could afford to spend 50 times more than an average Austrian gets in their life, just for one room's decorations! They asked for a room to revise their negotiating strategy. They got one, but the thing is, the Austrians were eavesdropping on them while they talked. Eventually, Maria Teresa got a pretty good deal. Some of the chandeliers have special light bulbs that, from a distance, seem to flicker like real candles. The back is a garden. It has a horse fountain, with a horse rearing on a rock that has water pouring down the front. I think that the sculptor wasn't too good, though. There's no way for the horse to come down because its front feet are over the edge of the rock!

Dinner: two out of five

If you have read my previous reviews, you probably know that I have done many dinner ratings. So I'll keep this short. Dinner was Chinese food, a bit worse than yesterday (sad face!). I ate outside under some umbrellas.


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